On behalf of Kävlinge, AquaBiota has produced background data for planning purposes as part of a regional marine spatial planning project in Öresund.
Usage of the sea is increasing. Fishing, recreation, transports and energy production need to share a limited space already occupied with marine habitats and organisms. Marine spatial planning aims for long term sustainable use of our seas by analysing and organize appropriate usage of different sea areas in a spatial perspective.
The coastline of Kävlinge is fairly undeveloped, but in some areas constructions, infrastructure and recreational activities could affect shallow water species and habitats. Since Kävlinge is situated by Öresund, where trawling is prohibited, the influence of commercial fishing on seafloor habitats is most likely negligible.
In some cases, marine protected areas are useful to avoid conflicts between different interests and secure conservation values. The current marine protected areas within the sea area of Kävlinge include a majority of coastal species and habitats in need of protection, but offshore areas are not represented. On a regional level, an overview of the protection of important offshore species and habitats would be appropriate in order to secure their survival.
The marine environment in Kävlinge
Kävlinge is situated on the west coast of Scania, bordering to Landskrona in the north and Lomma in the south. Coastal and sea areas of the municipality is a mixture of shallow brackish water environments and deeper, more saline areas dominated by soft substrates, and hard substrates both offshore and along parts of the coast. In nearshore areas there are eelgrass meadows and offshore there are areas with high conservation values, such as suitable habitats for kelp and the amphipod Haploops tenuis, and soft substrates with high diversity of benthic fauna.
Report (in Swedish):
Trigal, C., Fyhr, F. och Tano, S. 2017: Underlag till havsplanering som en del av översiktsplanen i Kävlinge. AquaBiota Report 2017:09. 80 p